DNA Analysis Services and Software www.sequentix.de

Molecular biodiversity

Our customer service:

  • Molecular identification of organisms from complex populations
  • Sequence analysis of marker genes or other discriminatory genetic regions
  • DNA sequence alignment [read more ...}
  • Cluster analyes [read more ...}

Our customers provide:

  • Mixed organic samples or DNA extracted from mixed populations or sequences (GenBank, FASTA, ...)



What is a "molecular diversity"?
  • This is a simple approach to explain why we can use DNA for investigating the relatedness of organisms.
  • All organisms contain DNA (desoxy-ribonucleic acid) which consists out of coding regions (genes) and non-coding regions (spacers and other regions).
  • Genes contain information on the structure of RNAs (ribonucleic acid) and most RNAs are translated into protein sequences by the cells. Proteins give organisms functionality and structure. Therefore, organisms are quite sensible with respect to changes in their fundamental units, their genes. This is the reason why genes are quite stable or in other words: changes in gene structure can influence the fitness of the cell in a disadvantageous way.
  • Certain genes (e.g. the SSU rRNA genes) occure in all organisms and, therefore, can be used to compare these organisms on a molecular level. One can even reconstruct the evolution of organisms using comparative gene analysis.
  • In other regions of genomes, e.g. spacer regions, changes can be quite dramatic without influencing the fitness of the organisms. These regions can be used to compare closely related organisms, e.g. populations of a species, where most of the gene sequences are identical or too similar to yield a sufficient discrimination.

Keywords: molecular diversity, DNA extraction, cloning, PCR, SSCP, sequencing, 18S rRNA gene, 16S rRNA gene, rbcL gene, ITS region, gene, spacer region, sequencing, alignment, cladistic analyses, phylogeny, phylogenetic approach, tree visualisation
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